Menopause means the end of your menstrual cycles after 12 months without a menstrual period. Usually menopause starts in your 40s or 50s.
Many women with menopause experience emotional and physical symptoms such as hot flashes, bad sleep, and low energy.
When women reach their 30’s ovaries produce less estrogen and progesterone. These hormones regulate menstruation as the production declines then fertility decreases as well. Women in their 40s menstrual periods may become irregular. Then by age 51 ovaries stop producing eggs and periods will end.
A few women experience premature menopause before age 40. Primary ovarian insufficiency is when ovaries fail to produce normal levels of reproductive hormones. The main cause could be from genetic factors or autoimmune disease.
When estrogen levels decline, women are at risk of cardiovascular disease increases. Increase estrogen levels with exercise, healthy diet and maintaining a normal weight.
During the first few years after menopause, women may lose bone density at a rapid rate and increasing your risk of osteoporosis. Prevent this with calcium and vitamin D rich diet that will help maintain bone health.
Many women gain weight during the menopausal transition and after menopause because metabolism slows. A healthy weight can reduce hot flashes and night sweats. Gaining excess body fat increases the risk of developing heart diseases and diabetes. Fruits and veggies are low in calories and can help you maintain a healthy weight.
How to reduce symptoms
Exercise improves energy and metabolism, healthier joints and bones, decreased stress and better sleep. Regular exercise can help alleviate menopause symptoms such as sleepless nights, mood swings and anxiety. It helps maintain healthy weight and joints.
Consuming foods rich in phytoestrogens help reduce severity of hot flashes and heart disease risk. Phytoestrogens are naturally occurring plant compounds that can mimic the effects of estrogen in the body.
Many women take natural products and remedies to relieve these symptoms.